Small münsterländer – the perfect dog for active people. What attracts animal fans to the smallest gelding?

The Münsterländer is an interesting dog belonging to the group of Great Danes, which is distinguished by its interesting appearance, sensitive nose and great intelligence. Will it be a good companion also for those who don’t hunt? Find out by reading our article!
munsterlander

Will a münsterländer be the right dog for you? What responsibilities will you face as a guardian of a representative of this breed? How does the breeding look like? Münsterländer large and small are slightly different, so it is worth getting to know both varieties. In the past, these animals served primarily as hunting dogs. But can they also be pets that will find their way into a house or apartment? Read our text about the smallest dogs and check whether a representative of this breed will be suitable for you!

What does a Münsterländer look like?

The Münsterländer is a very interesting dog, so it is worth getting to know him better. This breed can be divided into two types, depending on the size. How does the large münsterländer differ from its smaller relative? These dogs are considered separate breeds. It is time to describe the first of them.

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Large Münsterländer

Large Münsterländer is a brave and faithful dog, which is perfect for both hunting and family walks. Despite its large size, it can prove to be a devoted companion for the whole family and a friend for children

Big Münsterländer and its size

Münsterländers are primarily large dogs with a gentle disposition and beautiful appearance. When deciding on such a dog, you must first of all provide him with plenty of space. It’s an active and really big pet:

  • the height of an adult female reaches up to 63 cm, and the dog, in turn, can reach up to 65 cm at the withers;
  • the weight of a large Münsterländer is up to 32 kg for an adult male

Such a dog obviously has its own needs, so keeping it in a small apartment is a serious mistake

Coat color of large Münsterländer – the most important characteristics

The Large Münsterländer has a medium-length coat and has characteristic fringes on its front paws (in the back) and on its tail. The standard coat of this breed is black and white, with dark markings on the white patches. The head should be completely black, although the standard also allows small white accents here

Small münsterländer

And what are the characteristics of small Münsterländer? The smallest gelding, although it differs only in size from the large Münsterländer, has its own standard and is considered to be a separate breed

Size of small Münsterländer

Compared to the large münsterländer, this breed appears much smaller:

  • the maximum height at the withers in an adult dog is a maximum of 56 cm, and in a bitch it is 54 cm;
  • dogs weigh in the range of 15 to 17 kg, and exceeding the standard can mean the beginning of considerable problems with the dog’s health.

Small münsterländer and their coat color

What color is typical for a small münsterländer? The only coat that conforms to the pattern is white and brown patches. Sometimes, however, they are so dense that from a distance the dog gives the impression of an animal with a uniform brown coat. Brown is the only color of the head, where the standard does not allow light accents

The coat of a small Münsterländer should be of medium length, but on ears it is much longer. It is worth mentioning that the coat:

  • is waterproof;
  • adheres very well to the body and provides very good protection against weather conditions. Thanks to that, a small münsterländer can spend time on long hikes, regardless of the weather or season

Münsterländer and its character

The dog in question is a typical representative of hunting breeds, created to perform specific activities. This translates into the dog’s temperament and character. What behaviors can a münsterländer surprise you with?

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Small münsterländer – advantages

Lovers of münsterländers can list many reasons why they should be appreciated. What advantages are pointed out most often?

The great advantages of a dog of this breed are:

  • endurance and enthusiasm for active recreation in the company of its guardian;
  • love of water, valued by people who practice water sports;
  • faithfulness and attachment to the guardian
  • great patience and positive attitude towards children;
  • gentleness towards other dogs
  • high susceptibility to training
  • sensitive sense of smell;
  • resistance to weather conditions;

Such a pet with a hunting pedigree is a great partner for those who like all-day trips (including mountain ones).

Small münsterländer – disadvantages

However, a small münsterländer is not perfect. What disadvantages do you have to face as his guardian? Undoubtedly, one of the biggest problems is excessive attachment to one guardian. If the dog chooses you, he will demand more attention from you than from the rest of the family

What about other disadvantages? The ones most often mentioned are:

  • propensity to destroy. Lack of proper care (and above all, lack of exercise) makes the münsterländer look for activities on its own. The effect? Dug holes in the garden or chewed cables in the apartment
  • strong hunting instinct, which is very hard to control without proper training
  • very high sensitivity to odors, which makes it impossible to use certain chemicals in the house;
  • a tendency to roll in carrion and to wallow in puddles
  • strong attachment to a caregiver or one of the family members, which can result in separation anxiety

What conditions does a small münsterländer need?

The little münsterländer has quite a few requirements. This is mainly due to its original role as a hunting dog. Will such a pet find itself in an apartment? A lot depends on how much space you have in there and what kind of lifestyle you lead. Are you looking for a couch dog? Do you think that a dog is a living mascot, which only needs a comfortable bed and a daily dose of petting? If so, a münsterländer certainly won’t meet your expectations, and you won’t prove yourself as its guardian

Where does the smallest dog feel best?

A small münsterländer needs a lot of attention and space and, if left to himself, starts to misbehave out of boredom. To ensure his well-being, you need to provide him with lots of fun and exercise outdoors. Remember that he is a hunting dog who feels best in a forest or meadow. An apartment, where he has to spend most of the day alone, will not necessarily serve his psyche and health.

How to take care of a good shape of a Münsterländer?

A Münsterländer can live up to 12-13 years. If you want your pet to stay in good shape as long as possible, you need to provide him with proper care. What do you have to keep in mind?

münsterländer - jak zadbać o dobrą formę münsterländera

The best diet – what should aünsterländer eat?

Taking care of this pet requires time, but the basic rules of care are not difficult. As a guardian, you need to find time both for long walks and for feeding in an appropriate manner. The best meal will be ready-made foods, created with hunting dogs in mind. These will provide your pet with protein, vitamins and minerals to help your münsterländer grow properly. However, keep moderation when feeding. Too large portions can promote overweight, and this for each dog is a very big danger

The ABCs of effective grooming for the smallest of Deutschers

To keep your dog of this breed in good shape, basic grooming is also important. What are they? We answer

Münsterländers must be combed regularly, and for such a procedure you must use a suitable brush. Thanks to that, the moulting period will not be so burdensome for the household members and keeping the dog’s coat in good condition will be much easier

What about bathing?

  1. Such grooming must be done when the dog is already dirty
  2. However, don’t bathe your münsterländer too often. Each bath means removing from the coat a protective coating, which is necessary to provide maximum protection even against extremely harsh weather conditions
  3. It’s much more important to keep your pet’s ears and teeth clean, as well as to control the length of his claws on a regular basis
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Münsterländer and its health

What diseases are most common among representatives of this breed? Most often, the münsterländer suffers from genetic diseases, such as dysplasia. You must also pay special attention to the eyes of your pet, because these dogs are prone to cataracts

You should also regularly check the condition of the dog’s coat. Quite frequent affliction among münsterländers is dysplasia of black hair follicles – the disease, which most characteristic symptom is loss of black hair. It is a hereditary disease that can be diagnosed already in the fourth week of the pet’s life

münsterländer - jego zdrowie

Small münsterländer – breeding in a nutshell

Breeding hunting dogs requires experience and responsibility. What do you need to know about it?

Small münsterländer – puppies

Puppies of this breed should be socialized quite early. Most breeders will introduce the puppy to people and arrows before offering it for sale (this is important, as in many regions münsterländers are still used primarily as hunting dogs)

Once the puppy is under your roof, start working on his behavior. This will make your münsterländer obedient and you will avoid more serious problems.

How much does aünsterländer cost?

For a puppy of this breed you will pay about 2000-2500 PLN. The final price depends on the breeder and his reputation. Do not be tempted by promotional offers and price bargains. Fashion for this breed of hunting dog is often used by pseudo-breeders for whom the speed of breeding is more important than the health of the dog. Deciding on a dog in the promotion, you can buy a pet burdened with serious genetic diseases. A weak dog will require frequent treatment and regular visits to the vet

Münsterländer – history of the breed

When and under what circumstances did the first münsterländer dog appear? Both large and small Münsterländer are known to be descendants of the Longhaired German Shepherd, a dog that was used to hunt waterfowl as early as the 8th to 9th century

The Münsterländer is a relatively young breed, with its origins dating back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The name of these hunting dogs comes from the German town of Münster. It lies in Lower Saxony, between Hamburg and Hannover. It is there, in the land known for its vast moors, where the first quadrupeds of this breed appeared. They quickly became popular among hunters as well as non-hunters

münsterländer - dzieje rasy

Münsterländer becomes a dog not only for hunters

In the period between the two World Wars, the hunting regulations changed and this made the Münsterländers lose their importance as hunting dogs. Instead, they became social dogs that can accompany active people

Today you can meet them almost all over Europe. Münsterländer is still most common in Germany, although good breedings of this breed appear in France and Scandinavian countries. In Poland this dog is quite poorly known. However, the fashion for leading a healthy and active lifestyle translates into the growing popularity of these breeds, which can accompany their owners during training

Münsterländer and some interesting facts about the breed

Did you know that

  • the long-haired German GSPs, from which the münsterländer is derived, were called birders in the Middle Ages?
  • the big Münsterländer differs from the small Münsterländer only in height at withers and yet it was recognized as a separate breed by cynologists?
  • The FCI did not recognize the small maünsterländer until 1964?
  • The AKC officially recognized the breed in 2006?

Münsterländers can prove to be wonderful companions for those individuals who lead active lifestyles and have time to work with their pet. These intelligent and energetic dogs become strongly attached to their handlers, and they find extended separations a great challenge. Are you an active person? You don’t like routine? Do you have a lot of time for your pet? If yes, then a münsterländer will be the right pet for you.

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