The Nova Scotia Retriever – from hunting dog to family member. Learn more about tollers!

The Nova Scotia Retriever is a dog that enjoys a great deal of affection. It is a cheerful, lively and very intelligent pet. Beautiful coat, massive body and penetrating gaze are additional advantages of the Toller. Get to know him better. Read about him now!
retriever z nowej szkocji

The Nova Scotia Retriever is a pet whose other name (toller) is no coincidence. What did these quadrupeds do before they became house pets? In what conditions do they feel best? How much space do they require? Will they like the youngest members of their household? In this article we will answer all these questions. Get to know the most important information about this breed and find out what responsibilities the guardians of Nova Scotia retrievers have to face. Read!

Nova Scotia retriever – what does a toller dog look like?

The Nova Scotia retriever can win hearts just by its appearance alone. It is often mistaken for a golden, but it has many characteristics typical only for its breed. The Toller is a medium sized dog, but is distinguished by a rather massive body structure and very high endurance. What does this animal look like?

  • height at withers usually ranges from 48 to 51 cm;
  • can weigh up to 23 kg
  • the bitch is slightly shorter (from 45 to 48 cm in height at the withers) and lighter (from 17 to 20 kg)
  • ears set high with a characteristic triangular shape and a densely hairy tail are typical for Nova Scotia retrievers

A great asset of this breed are brown eyes with the shape of almond, which can disarm everyone

Nova Scotia Retriever – coat and color

The double layer of hair means that the Toller will have no problem getting into the water even on a cold day. However, this has its downside and means a lot of moulting problems for those dogs that spend most of the day in warm apartments.

And what about the coat color? The most common tollers are:

  • copper;
  • red;
  • red golden.

A typical ornament of Nova Scotia retrievers are white markings. They can appear for example on the tail or on the paws. Sometimes a white accent is also present on the chest

Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever – character

retriever z nowej Szkocji - charakter

The Nova Scotia Retriever is referred to as a toller dog for a reason. What does that mean? Check it out and find out what you need to know about its temperament!

Toller, or luring dog

Nova Scotia retrievers are dogs whose main job is to lure (tolling). They will be the best companions for those who hunt ducks. The mission of this dog is also reminded by the first part of its name, which is the word “retrieve” (to bring). With time, however, it started to be treated not only as a hunting dog. In fact, he became an ideal companion for the whole family because he is:

  • is affectionate and friendly;
  • has a good attitude towards children

Such qualities have made him a popular companion dog, and in many homes he is treated as a full-fledged family member.

The Nova Scotia Retriever as a Family Companion

Can a pet of this breed prove to be a good companion dog? Yes, but you must respect its needs and try to meet them in an appropriate manner. The presence of a guardian is very important for this pet.

Read:   Curly coated retriever - hunting dog with unusual coat

Where does a toller dog feel most comfortable?

The Toller can live in a house with a garden as well as in a larger apartment. However, he needs interest from his caregivers. Does your family like exercise and often take trips out of town? Do you enjoy playing outdoors? If so, the busy Nova Scotia retriever will feel perfectly at home in your company. Long walks, preferably varied and interspersed with games – this is a simple recipe for making your pet of this breed happy

Nova Scotia Retriever – an intelligent dog with a temperament

Tollers are family dogs, but they need daily exercise. They don’t work well as guard dogs, but that doesn’t mean you can make a typical couch potato out of your pet. It is a working dog, created to perform specific activities. Idleness and boredom are his biggest enemies

Is the Toller a dog for everyone?

Do you want to care for a Nova Scotia retriever? Remember that you need to find time for about a two-hour walk each day. This is the minimum necessary to keep your toller in good shape. Keep in mind that a pet of this breed does poorly with loneliness. Do you often go out of the house? Do you spend a lot of time at work? If so, you better not decide to get this dog. Lonely tollers are unhappy, and this consequently affects their behavior and health

Nova Scotia Retriever – training

Retrievers are very intelligent animals that love to learn. Tollers are no exception. They learn eagerly and quickly, and the more varied the subsequent training, the better for them. Learning new tricks makes them very happy. If you combine learning with good fun, you will spend your free time with your pet in a nice and useful way

Nova Scotia Retriever – breeding in a nutshell

retriever z nowej szkocji - hodowla w pigułce

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is a dog that requires proper grooming. Although it is known for its considerable resilience and strength, you need to take care of it in the right way. How to take care of his health? What can he be exposed to? We answer.

How to take care of toller’s health?

Retrievers from Nova Scotia are among the long-lived breeds. If you provide your pet with the right conditions, he can live up to 14 years

Its thick coat makes it well protected from bad weather. Capricious weather is not a problem for toller. However, you need to be careful with his health. Although it is a hardy pet, it is prone to many diseases. The most common ones are:

  • eye diseases;
  • autoimmune diseases
  • hypothyroidism;
  • hip and elbow dysplasia

Experts also point out genetic diseases of tollers, which sometimes take a long time to manifest. Remember to come in for regular check-ups with dogs of this breed. The vet will thus be able to detect small problems in time, before they could turn into troublesome ailments

How do I protect my Nova Scotia retriever from disease?

Prevention is also an important consideration. How can you keep your pet healthy? Here are tips.

  1. Take him for long walks and regular visits to the vet
  2. Remember also about a balanced diet, so that your toller gets the necessary portion of vitamins and minerals every day
  3. You also need to control your pet’s body weight. Lack of proper exercise, combined with an inadequate diet, translates into problems with overweight – an ailment that is a serious burden for any pet

The Nova Scotia Retriever and its grooming

Proper grooming will keep your dog feeling good and looking beautiful. How to take care of a Nova Scotia retriever? The basis is regular brushing – especially during the moulting season. Toller likes contact with water, so baths are not a problem for him (especially those in ponds and lakes). Do not forbid him contact with water. However, you must remember to dry his coat thoroughly after each water play

Read:   Steppe caracal - a beautiful "savage" that you can keep at home

Small toller – puppies for demanding people

How many puppies are there in one litter? Usually, there are 6 to 10 toddlers in the world, which have their own specific needs. One of them is socialization. A baby Nova Scotia retriever should become accustomed to humans as soon as possible. Even a very young dog of this breed is eager to learn, and most toller puppies quickly pick up the basic rules of obedience. So taming your pooch will benefit both you and him

Nova Scotia Retriever – price

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How much do you have to pay for a dog of this breed? The price for a puppy usually ranges from 3 to 4.5 thousand zloty. There are also offers to sell such a dog for 5 thousand. This is what reputable breeders, who know toller very well, want. Buying from such specialists, you don’t have to be afraid of deviation from the pattern or genetic load.

Which toller kennels to avoid?

Do you want to buy a Toller? Look for proven breeding. Buying a retriever from Nova Scotia at a bargain price may turn out to be the beginning of serious problems. Pseudo-breeders do not care about the welfare of animals, and puppies bought from them are exposed to serious health problems. “Breeding” of this kind is both unethical and not worth supporting with your money. A pet bought from a professional breeder will cost more, but will prove to be much more beneficial in the long run.

History of the breed Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

retriever z nowej szkocji - historia rasy

When and under what circumstances did the first dogs of this breed appear? There are several theories associated with Nova Scotia retrievers. One of them says that the toller is a descendant of the Dutch Kooikerhond(Dutch hound). This dog was supposed to have come to England with Dutch engineers who worked on draining wetlands in the eastern part of the country. They also taught the locals how to hunt ducks more effectively. The most popular version says that the breed began to develop in Nova Scotia in the early 19th century – perhaps by using visitors from the Netherlands

What were toller dogs used for?

All theories about the origin of the Nova Scotia retriever have a common denominator – hunting. Initially, dogs of this breed were to make it easier for people to hunt ducks. A pet playing by the water was to attract their attention and put them to sleep. When the ducks fell from the hunters’ bullets, the toller was supposed to bring the bodies back to their keeper. Today, however, the retriever proves itself mainly as a family companion and a very good human friend

Interesting facts about Nova Scotia retrievers

Did you know that

  • the Nova Scotia retriever is the smallest retriever?
  • the breed is named after the eastern coast of Canada, known as Nova Scotia?
  • the breed was not officially recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club until 1945?
  • first Nova Scotia retriever appeared in Denmark in 1982?
  • the tollers favorite pastimes are playing in water and fetching?
  • the Nova Scotia retriever can get along well with other dogs and cats?

The Nova Scotia Retriever is an extremely spirited and highly intelligent dog. Do you lead an active lifestyle and have a lot of free time? The Toller may turn out to be an excellent companion for you for long hikes and games, and will be by your side during lazy evenings spent on the couch.

Photo source: I, Toller, CC BY-SA 3.0

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